Situation report Macedonia no. 15/2001
September 10-16, 2001
Skopje, September 17th, 2001
Total number of IDPs.
According to the Macedonian Red Cross the total number of internally displaced
persons (IDP) in Macedonia is 75,176. 3,912 of them are accommodated in
the collective centers. The Macedonian Red Cross temporarily stopped the
registration of new IDPs.
Increased number of refugees who return
According to the UNHCR, about 31,250 refugees (ethnic Albanians) are staying
in Kosovo, and about 5,000 persons have returned to Macedonia so far.
The WFP - World Food Program, in cooperation with AAH - Action Against
Hunger, made an evaluation for the needs of food in the Skopje and Tetovo
regions last week. They paid a visit to the villages of Aracinovo, Strasince,
Dobroste and Vratnica.
The El Hilal distributed assistance in food, hygiene products for Radusa
(3,7t.), Bitola (10t. of flower) and Tetovo villages Rogle, Cerovo and
The MCIC on September 14th distributed 8t. of elementary food products
(flower, oil, sugar and salt) to 130 families in the villages Urvice and
No new activities in this period.
On September 12th, a meeting between the UNHCR and the NGOs (Macedonian
Center for International Cooperation, Shelter Now International, International
Relief Committee, Mercy Corps International, and the German Red Cross)
took place, focusing on the beginning of the repairs on the damaged buildings.
The meeting was used for coordination of the methodology for realization
of the repairs.
Water-supply and sanitation
No new activities in this period
Schools and education
The education did not start in the schools in Neprosteno, Lesok and Tearce.
In some elementary schools in Tetovo, the parents and the students, ethnic
Macedonians (like the school "Bratstvo-Migjeni") disagree the
education to continue in the premises of the school and they point to
the kindergarten near the Sports Center as an alternative.
The students - ethnic Albanians from the "Goce Delcev" highschool
in Kumanovo submitted a letter, saying that they did not feel safe to
go to school together with the students-Macedonians. They asked for the
education to continue in the building of the Workers' University "Profesor
"Klasje na Dobrinata" provided 1,000 school bags and 4,000 notebooks
for the displaced persons.
On September 12th, expert teams of the NATO forces in Macedonia
started to eliminate the mines in the region from the railroad near Ratae
Protection and human rights
No such activities in this period
No such activities in this period
The team for evaluation of the damage has so far carried out an estimation
on 1,300 buildings in Aracinovo.
The evaluation in the other areas will be carried out by IMG (International
Management Group), which, in cooperation with the Ministry of Transport
and Communications, started an evaluation process in Tetovo area (Tearce,
Lesok, Slatina) and Kumanovo area (Opae and Lopate).
During the visit of the Macedonian Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva to
the Great Britain, director of the International Development Department
Simon Ray announced that the Great Britain would provide BP 2,5 million,
meant for trust-building, reconstruction of the energy system and for
reconstruction of the schools in Macedonia. This all depends on the successful
implementation of the Framework Agreement.
On September 13th, the World Bank Board of Directors approved the "Temporary
strategy for assistance to Macedonia in the period of September 2001-June
2002, by which this institution supports Macedonia's macroeconomic and
social stability, as well as the reconstruction and future development
of the country. In the next six months, the World Bank is due to approve
US$50 million to Macedonia. $15 million come as support to the budget
and balance of payment, US$15 million for realization of the reforms in
the public sector, additional US$15 million as a credit for reforms in
the education and US$5 million are meant for reconstruction of the buildings
ruined in the military clashes.
At the forthcoming donors' conference, scheduled for mid-October, Macedonia
will ask for US$150 million, needed for surpassing of the financial gap
in the balance of payment and for reconstruction of the country, as well
as for realization of the peace agreement.
Eighth meeting of the NGO humanitarian coordination.
At the meeting, the participants delivered
brief reports for their activities in the past seven days. At the meeting,
the representative of Natira pointed to the problems that organizations
face with when they organize humanitarian convoys. He also pointed to
the inability for returning of the displaced persons from the Lipkovo
region to their homes. The representative of "Klasje na Dobrinata"
organization said that increased assistance is needed for the displaced
persons accommodated in Skopje, and added that the representatives of
the National Humanitarian Coordination should provide information from
the Macedonian Red Cross about the humanitarian aid distributed so far.
It was concluded that the representatives of the NGO humanitarian coordination
should make contact with the authorized bodies in order to enable conditions
for organizing a convoy for the displaced persons from Lipkovo to pay
a visit to their homes.