MCIC Situation report Macedonia no. 14/2001

September 3 - 9, 2001

Skopje, September 10th, 2001


Displaced persons

Total number of IDP.
According to the Macedonian Red Cross, the total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Macedonia is 76,026. 3,913 IDPs are accommodated in collective centers.

Increased number of refugees returning from Kosovo. According to the information from the UNHCR, there are about 34,000 refugees (ethnic Albanians) in Kosovo, while so far 47,771 have returned to Macedonia.



Convoy for Vratnica and Orasje.
The MCIC and Cooperacione Italiana - office for emergency interventions of the Italian Embassy in Skopje organized a convoy with humanitarian assistance for Vratnica and Orasje. The humanitarian assistance was composed of food products, vegetables, cattle food, hygiene products, baby food and dippers. The MCIC, through its partner Natira, also submitted assistance composed of food and hygiene products to the Lipkovo municipality.
The El Hilal submitted assistance in food and hygiene products to Lipkovo, Germo, Neprosteno and Ljuboten.


The WHO equipped one room in the clinic in Aracinovo, where a mobile medical team from the clinic in Gazi Baba continuously provides medical assistance.

The UNICEF and WHO continue providing assistance in medicaments for three pharmacies in Skopje, for the needs of the IDPs.


The UNHCR is carrying out reparations on the roof constructions in the collective centers in Kumanovo, and evaluations are being made (IRC) for the needs of other repairs (including the steam-heating systems.)

Water-supply and sanitation

The Communal Hygiene public enterprise continuously provides water to the four reservoirs in the village of Aracinovo for the needs of the local population.

Schools and education

The new school year started on September 10.
The students - displaced persons will continue their education in places where they are accommodated. The Coordination Body for Crisis Management will provide organized transportation for the students and pupils from Jazince to Tetovo and Skopje.

The MCIC completed the reconstruction of the elementary school in the village of Brnjarci.
The Solidarite started with preparations for reconstruction of the old school in Aracinovo. One of the three school buildings will be reconstructed by the end of the week, the second one in two to three weeks and the last one in 1,5 to two months.

Humanitarian mine disposal

Special mine disposal unit, composed of 60 NATO soldiers, arrived in Macedonia.
An expert from the UN mine disposal department arrived in Skopje. He reported that the danger from mines in Macedonia is low. The danger from unexploded mines is biggest in 20-30 villages located in the regions of crisis, but he believes that this problem could be easily resolved.

ICRC promoted the program for public awareness of unexploded mines, which according to the experts are the biggest threat for the civic population in the villages directly hit by the conflict.

Protection and human rights

There are no such activities at this point

Psycho-social activities

UNICEF's psycho-social working group is seeking for partners from the local NGOs in order to realize the planed activities.

Post-crisis rehabilitation

The team for estimation of the damage has made estimation on about 600 buildings in Aracinovo.



Minister of Development and Cooperation of the Kingdom of Holland Eveline Herfkens paid a visit to Macedonia.
She reported that Holland would increase the financial assistance for Macedonia from Euro 23 million to Euro 46 million, for the current and next two years.

The European Union donated Euro 42,5 million to Macedonia in a form of grants for various purposes.
These funds are a part of the CARDS program. Christopher Patten announced additional grant in amount of Euro 50 million as macroeconomic assistance for Macedonia. This donation is conditionalized with successful outcome from the negotiations with the International Monetary Fund. The European Union will also donate Euro 30 million for reconstruction and rehabilitation of the energy system in the regions of crisis, compensation of the expenses of the host-families, coverage of the expenses of the students who could not be accommodated in the student campuses, and for reconstruction of the damaged houses in the regions of crisis.


Seventh meeting of the NGO humanitarian coordination.
The meeting took place on September 4th, on which the organizations submitted reports on their work in the previous week. It was decided at the meeting the MCIC and El Hilal to be permanent representatives in the work of the NGO humanitarian coordination. It was also decided the number of NGOs in the humanitarian coordination not to be increased. The work of the regional coordination body in Kumanovo should be improved. Also, the conditions for establishment of regional coordination in Tetovo should be reexamined. It was said at the meeting that contact should be made with UNICEF regarding the schoolbooks, because many organizations offer the same. In that context, a question was rose about possibilities for supplying the students with cloths, footwear, bags etc. It was also pointed to the problem with the students in the Kumanovo region, because the schools in Kumanovo do not have capacity to receive new students. A contact should be made with the authorized ministries for possible usage of one of the kindergartens in Skopje where specific groups of displaced persons (mothers with children) would be accommodated. As a conclusion, it was pointed to the need of joint work by the NGO humanitarian coordination and the local authorities on the trust rebuilding among the people, with emphasis on repatriation of the people who are minority in the regions they live in.

Eighth meeting of the National Humanitarian Coordination.
At the beginning of the meeting held on September 6th, the representative from the Ministry of labor and social policy made a short review of the activities realized in the previous week. He said that in cooperation with the IOM transport was organized for the displaced persons from Kumanovo area, and there are similar plans for the displaced persons from Skopje and Tetovo. Representative from the ministry of transport and communications reported that the questionnaire for evaluation of the condition of the water-supply system and the system for waste water and hard waste treatment was completed. The ICRC are making efforts to reach an agreement with the humanitarian organizations for making an estimation of the needs of the internally displaced persons in the collective centers, host-families and those who have returned. Representative of the Macedonian Red Cross announced that they would temporarily stop the registration of new internally displaced persons from Skopje and Tetovo in order to avoid double registration. For that purpose, all lists with names of displaced persons will be rechecked. It was also pointed to the need of provision of warm cloths for the IDPs, as well as to the need of increased food assistance for the displaced persons accommodated in host-families. The humanitarian organizations were also asked to submit humanitarian assistance for the villages Gloge, Selce and Prsoje. Representative of the veterinarian department asked for assistance from the organizations for provision of fodder and materials for renewal of the cattle fund.

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