Situation report Macedonia no. 16/2001
September 17-23, 2001
Skopje, September 24th, 2001
Total number of IDPs.
In Macedonia, according to the Macedonian Red Cross, the number of internally
displaced persons (IDPs) is 70.497. A total of 3.589 of them are accommodated
in collective centres.
More and more refugees return from Kosovo.
According to UNHCR, there are around 27,411 refugees in Kosovo (ethnic
Albanians), and 54,413 have so far returned to Macedonia.
The humanitarian organisation El Hilal distributed mainly food products
and hygienic material for the population in the crises regions, as well
as in Aracinovo and Brnjarci. A total of 10 t of food were taken to Radusa,
20 t to Lipkovo 4 t to Germo, 11 t to Aracinovo and 3 t to Brnjarci.
ICRC distributed food parcels and floor to 160 families in the municipality
of Sipkovica on September 18.
On September 20, UNHCR distributed 50 food parcels, blankets and tents
to 50 families from the village of Ljuboten.
MCIC distributed aid for the inhabitants of the villages Ratae and Zilce
on September 20. The aid consisted of 3.374 kg of floor, 810 l of oil,
540 kg of sugar and 270 kg of salt.
There are no new activities in this period.
On September 19, MCIC distributed two trucks of construction material
for repairing of eight houses, out of total of twenty, in the village
of Lopate. Also, construction material for repairing of 12 houses was
distributed to the village of Brnjarci on September 20.
Water supply and sanitation
MCIC set a plastic water reservoir (volume of 20.000 l) for the villages
of Orlanci and Aracinovo.
Schools and education
The new school year has not started yet in any of the six primary schools
in the Lipkovo municipality, where about 4.000 pupils are awaiting the
beginning of the school year. According to the Head of the Civilian Protection
Body, measures are being undertaken in the villages in the Lipkovo municipality
for the schooling to begin around October 1. The pupils, both Macedonians
and Albanians, from the village of Opae attend school in the neighbouring
village of Lopate, municipality of Kumanovo.
Solidarites continues the reconstruction of the school in Aracinovo. The
works are expected to finish in 10 days.
Charity action. On September 23, the association
of citizens "ART-forum" organised a charity action for collection
of school material and winter clothes for the displaced children.
The Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Interior have finished the
"cleaning" in the area around the villages of Tanusevci, Ribnica,
Grejka and Niviste.
Protection and human rights
No such activities in this period.
No such activities in this period.
The damage assessment team concluded the damage assessment in Aracinovo,
where a total of 1.500 houses were assessed. Previously, the damage of
20 houses in Lopate, 12 houses in Brnjarci and 23 in Mojance had been
assessed, as well.
According to the initial assessment of the expert teams carried out in
Tearce and Lesok, a total of 200 objects are damaged in these villages.
The expert teams consisted of expert representatives of several ministries
and the local authorities. The total damage is assessed at 15 million
German Marks. The European Union announced the beginning of the reconstruction
of damaged houses in the two villages.
On September 21, UNHCR introduced bus lines for the displaced persons
to the villages north of Tetovo to the border crossing Jazince. The transport
was organised at the request of the Macedonian Government. The buses will
operate three times a day.
During the meeting between the Macedonian Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva
and the State Minister of Germany Kristofer Zeppel held in Macedonia,
the need for an urgent action of the international community for provision
of economic aid in order to overcome the consequences of the war was stressed.
The aid would also be used for reconstruction of destroyed homes and infrastructure,
as well as for safe return of displaced persons and refugees to their
homes. German State Minister for Foreign Affairs announced that Germany
would donate 5 million German Marks of the budget of the Federal Foreign
Ministry to Macedonia.
On September 18, Macedonia was visited by the Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Renato Ruiggero and the Minister of Defence, Antonio Martino, of Italy.
The Italian Government decided to donate 8 billion Italian Lira to the
Macedonian Government, which will be an addition to the already donated
three billion Liras. The head of the Italian diplomacy stressed that Italy
was ready to participate in the donor conference on October 15.
The Japanese Government donated one million US Dollars for the displaced
persons in Macedonia. The assistance will be distributed through UNHCR
Ninth meeting of the NGO Humanitarian Coordination.
At the beginning of the meeting, the present
organisations reported on the activities from the previous week. The representative
of Megjasi had a remark on the slow speed of the anticipated provision
of schools books for displaced children. The representative of Drom stressed
the problem of the organisations from Kumanovo referring to the return
of the refugees from Kosovo. The participants were informed that most
of the displaced persons from Tetovo, who had been accommodated in Gostivar,
have returned to their homes. Damage assessment and reconstruction of
their homes needed to start as soon as possible to prevent the people
from displacing again. The following conclusions were reached at the meeting:
cards (accreditations) shall be prepared for the members of the Coordination
Body in order to facilitate movement; a group of 3 to 5 members of the
NGO Humanitarian Coordination shall prepare plan and programme, on the
basis of which more concrete measures would be undertaken; a request shall
be submitted to the Ministry of Transport and Communication demanding
for the official vehicles of NGOs to be released from the pay-toll; lobby
group shall be established to lobby all relevant institutions and organisations
that can ease the work of the humanitarian agencies; collective centres
shall be visited in order to determine the needs of the displaced persons;
to contact foreign NGOs and donors; additional meeting shall be organised
and all additional needs and problems of the organisations and the displaced
persons shall be discussed at that meeting; activities need to be undertaken
concerning aid and confidence building of IDPs.